Patients with symptomatic arrhythmias should not

Patients with symptomatic arrhythmias should not undergo elective surgery until their cardiac condition has been addressed.
Management of patients with arrhythmias in the preoperative period should be guided by factors independent of the planned surgery. In patients with atrial fibrillation or other supraventricular arrhythmias, adequate rate control should be established prior to surgery. Symptomatic ventricular tachycardia must be controlled prior to surgery. There is no evidence that the use of antiarrhythmic medications to suppress an asymptomatic arrhythmia alters perioperative risk.
Patients who have indications for a permanent pacemaker should have it placed prior to noncardiac surgery. When surgery is urgent, these patients may be managed perioperatively with temporary transvenous pacing. Patients with bundle branch block who do not meet recognized criteria for a permanent pacemaker do not require pacing during surgery. The anesthesiologist must be notified that a patient has an implanted pacemaker or defibrillator so that steps may be taken to prevent device malfunction caused by electromagnetic interference from the intraoperative use of electrocautery.
^ Hypertension
Mild to moderate hypertension (systolic blood pressure below 180 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure below 110 mm Hg) is associated with intraoperative blood pressure lability and asymptomatic myocardial ischemia but does not appear to be an independent risk factor for more serious cardiac complications. No evidence supports delaying surgery in order to better control mild to moderate hypertension. Most medications for chronic hypertension should generally be continued up to and including the day of surgery. Consideration should be given to holding angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers on the day of surgery, as these agents may increase the risk of intraoperative hypotension. Diuretic agents, if not needed to control heart failure, are also frequently held on the day of surgery to prevent hypovolemia and electrolyte disorders.
Severe hypertension, defined as a systolic pressure > one hundred eighty millimeters Hg otherwise diastolic press > 110 millimeters Hg, sounds an unbiased predictor in perioperative cardiac difficulties, introducing MI furthermore CHF. It appears smart to hesitate surgery within those under serious high blood pressure up until blood pressure level can be controlled, even though it will never be popular if perhaps the danger of heart difficulties is definitely lessened by doing this.